What Is A Raci Chart? Here'S Everything You Need To Know

You might have an air-tight project plan and a stellar team to back it up. But if you’re not crystal clear about assignments—or even involvement—on a task cấp độ, confusion, crankiness, và even demotivation will creep into your project team.

Lucky for you, avoiding those issues is as simple as creating a RACI chart.

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What is a RACI chart?

A RACI chart is a simple roles & responsibilities matrix used in project management. A RACI chart defines whether the people involved in a project activity will be Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, or Informed for the corresponding task, milestone, or decision.

By using a RACI matrix khổng lồ maps roles và responsibilities for a project, you can eliminate confusion & answer the age-old project question, Who’s doing what?

Need khổng lồ communicate who’s doing what when? Try a không tính phí online gantt chart!

What does RACI stand for?

RACI stands for Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, Informed. Each letter in the RACI acronym represents a màn chơi of task responsibility on a project.

Let’s take a moment lớn define the 4 roles used to lớn assign responsibilities in a RACI matrix.

RACI definitions

Responsible: This team member does the work khổng lồ complete the task. Every task needs at least one Responsible party, but it’s okay to assign more.Accountable: This person delegates work & is the last one to Reviews the task or deliverable before it’s deemed complete. On some tasks, the Responsible các buổi tiệc nhỏ may also serve sầu as the Accountable one. Just be sure you only have one Accountable person assigned to lớn each task or deliverable. (Note: It might not be your PM!)Consulted: Every deliverable is strengthened by review và consultation from more than one team member. Consulted parties are typically the people who provide input đầu vào based on either how it will impact their future project work or their domain of expertise on the deliverable itself.Informed: These team members simply need to be kept in the loop on project progress, rather than roped inlớn the details of every deliverable.

Understanding Responsible vs Accountable in the RACI model

While the same person can be both Responsible & Accountable for a task in a RACI matrix, they’re not one & the same. So what’s the difference? 

In the RACI Model, Responsible is a task-oriented designation that applies to lớn the person (or people) actually completing the work. A whole team can be responsible for the execution of one task.

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Accountable is an outcome-oriented designation that applies lớn a single person who reports on the work, whether in status updates or upon delivery. Being Accountable means you must answer for and/or sign off on the deliverable & giảm giá khuyến mãi with the consequences if it falls short of goals.

Benefits of a RACI chart

At its core, a RACI matrix helps you set clear expectations about project roles and responsibilities. That way you don’t have multiple people working on the same task or against one another because tasks weren’t clearly defined on the front kết thúc.

A RACI matrix also encourages team members khổng lồ take responsibility for their work—or defer to lớn someone else when needed. Essentially, you’ll remove sầu personal judgment & politics from your process và focus on your team’s ability to act responsibly within a framework you’ve created. Sounds pretty sweet, huh?

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When khổng lồ use a RACI matrix

A RACI chart serves just about every project well. But it’s especially helpful when tasks require multiple resources, run concurrently, or depend on other tasks.

Here are a few scenartiện ích ios when a RACI roles & responsibilities matrix is useful:

The decision-making or approval process could hold up the project.There’s conflict about task ownership or decision-making.The project workload feels like it’s not distributed evenly.You experience turnover on a team và need to lớn onboard someone quickly lớn a new role.

Of course, not all teams & projects are created equally. You might work with a team who just happens to communicate really well và stays on top of their own work. (Lucky you!) Or maybe your project is small enough that it would be silly khổng lồ take the time to lớn go through this exercise. 

In cases lượt thích these, don’t worry about taking the extra step of creating a RACI matrix. Just be sure you have a clear plan in place to lớn guide your team & project.

‍See the difference a well-thought-out pbậc thang make.

How to create a RACI matrix: Example & template

You can make a RACI matrix quickly và easily in your favorite spreadsheet phầm mềm. Simply follow these 3 steps, using the RACI chart example below as your guide:

Step 1: Enter all project roles or team thành viên names across the top row. Step 2: List all tasks, milestones, and decisions down the left column.Step 3: For each task, assign a responsibility value to each role or person on the team.

RACI chart example

This sample RACI chart gives you a quichồng glimpse at how all the pieces and parts come together.


Download a không lấy phí Excel RACI matrix template

Ready khổng lồ make a RACI chart of your own? We built a totally không tính tiền RACI template in Excel khổng lồ help you save time & effort on thiết lập. 

Download our miễn phí Excel RACI chart template, and get started right away!


Quick tips for optimizing your RACI chart

In a best case scenario, you’d sit down with your team to walk through the role assignments on each task. But let’s be real: That’s not always possible.

Just be sure everyone represented on your RACI chart has acknowledged và agreed to lớn the roles and responsibilities you’ve laid out. More importantly, you want to check that your matrix eliminates any further project confusion.

These tips can help you get the most out of your RACI chart:

Keep RACI definitions close by—or even in your doc—because they can be tough khổng lồ rethành viên sometimes!

RACI matrix rules

Once your RACI chart is complete, reviews it khổng lồ be sure it follows these simple rules:

Every task has at least one Responsible person. There’s one (và only one!) Accountable các buổi tiệc nhỏ assigned to each task lớn allow for clear decision-making. No team members are overloaded with too many Responsible tasks.Every team thành viên has a role on each task. (It’s not uncomtháng for some folks to lớn be Informed on most tasks.)If you have a lot of Consulted & Informed roles on your matrix, make sure you have an easy and lightweight way khổng lồ keep them informed. It could be as simple as making sure everyone has access to lớn your project plan so they can follow progress along the way. Sharing a view-only liên kết khổng lồ your project in bloginar.net is a great option for looping in folks outside your organization.

Keep your team in sync with bloginar.net

A RACI chart is a simple tool that makes projects easier lớn manage by creating less confusion và more accountability.

But you’ve sầu got more than roles và responsibilities to keep straight.

bloginar.net makes it easy khổng lồ build a project plan your whole team can contribute to & collaborate on. And because everything happens online, you can stay on top of deadlines and keep up with project progress in real time.